固定布局柱形图

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Highcharts 固定布局柱形图

以下实例演示了固定布局柱形图。

我们在前面的章节已经了解了 Highcharts 基本配置语法。接下来让我们来看下其他的配置。在 series 下添加 pointPlacement 和 pointPadding 配置。

series.pointPadding

控制每列之间的距离值,当highcharts图表宽度固定的情况下,此值越大,柱子宽度越小,反之相反。默认此值为0.1

series.pointPlacement

在柱形图中,当 pointPlacement 设置为 "on" 时, X轴上的点没有间隔。如果 pointPlacement 设置为 "between", 列之间按刻度进行布局。

在 Highcharts 3.0.2 后的版本, pointPlacement 可以支持数字,0 为轴上的值, -0.5 为当前值与前面一个值的间隔, 0.5 为 当前值与下一个值的间隔。 不同与文字设置选项,数字设置不影响轴之间的间隔。

series: {
   name: ‘Employees‘,
   color: ‘rgba(165,170,217,1)‘,
   data: [150, 73, 20],
   pointPadding: 0.3,
   pointPlacement: -0.2
}

实例

文件名:highcharts_column_fixed.htm

<html>
<head>
<title>Highcharts 教程 | 菜鸟教程(bubuko.com)</title>
   <script src="http://apps.bdimg.com/libs/jquery/2.1.4/jquery.min.js"></script>
   <script src="http://code.highcharts.com/highcharts.js"></script>  
</head>
<body>
<div id="container" style="width: 550px; height: 400px; margin: 0 auto"></div>
<script language="JavaScript">
$(document).ready(function() { 
   var chart = {
      type: ‘column‘
   };
   var title = {
      text: ‘Efficiency Optimization by Branch‘   
   };   
   var xAxis = {
      categories: [‘Seattle HQ‘, ‘San Francisco‘, ‘Tokyo‘]
   };
   var yAxis = [{
         min: 0,
         title: {
            text: ‘Employees‘
         }
      }, {
         title: {
            text: ‘Profit (millions)‘
         },
         opposite: true
   }];
   var legend = {
      shadow: false
   };
   var tooltip = {
      shared: true
   };
   var credits = {
      enabled: false
   };
   var plotOptions = {
      column: {
         grouping: false,
         shadow: false,
         borderWidth: 0
      }
   };
   var series= [{
       name: ‘Employees‘,
            color: ‘rgba(165,170,217,1)‘,
            data: [150, 73, 20],
            pointPadding: 0.3,
            pointPlacement: -0.2
        }, {
            name: ‘Employees Optimized‘,
            color: ‘rgba(126,86,134,.9)‘,
            data: [140, 90, 40],
            pointPadding: 0.4,
            pointPlacement: -0.2
        }, {
            name: ‘Profit‘,
            color: ‘rgba(248,161,63,1)‘,
            data: [183.6, 178.8, 198.5],
            tooltip: {
                valuePrefix: ‘$‘,
                valueSuffix: ‘ M‘
            },
            pointPadding: 0.3,
            pointPlacement: 0.2,
            yAxis: 1
        }, {
            name: ‘Profit Optimized‘,
            color: ‘rgba(186,60,61,.9)‘,
            data: [203.6, 198.8, 208.5],
            tooltip: {
                valuePrefix: ‘$‘,
                valueSuffix: ‘ M‘
            },
            pointPadding: 0.4,
            pointPlacement: 0.2,
            yAxis: 1      
   }];     
      
   var json = {};   
   json.chart = chart; 
   json.title = title; 
   json.xAxis = xAxis;
   json.yAxis = yAxis;
   json.credits = credits;
   json.legend = legend;
   json.tooltip = tooltip;
   json.plotOptions = plotOptions;
   json.series = series;
   $(‘#container‘).highcharts(json);
});

</script>
</body>
</html>
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