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Java中动态代理方式:

时间:2018-05-21 00:46:00      阅读:57      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

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JDK中生成代理对象的API

代理类所在包:java.lang.reflect.Proxy
JDK实现代理只需要使用newProxyInstance方法,但是该方法需要接收三个参数,完整的写法是:

static Object newProxyInstance(ClassLoader loader, Class<?>[] interfaces,InvocationHandler h )

注意该方法是在Proxy类中是静态方法,且接收的三个参数依次为:

  • ClassLoader loader,:指定当前目标对象使用类加载器,获取加载器的方法是固定的
  • Class<?>[] interfaces,:目标对象实现的接口的类型,使用泛型方式确认类型
  • InvocationHandler h:事件处理,执行目标对象的方法时,会触发事件处理器的方法,会把当前执行目标对象的方法作为参数传入

Member.java实体类:

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package com.dx.dynamicproxy;

public class Member {
    private int id;
    private String name;

    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Member(int id, String name) {
        super();
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Member [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + "]";
    }
}
View Code

IMemberService.java

package com.dx.dynamicproxy;

public interface IMemberService {
    public String create(Member member);
}

MemberSerivceImpl.java

package com.dx.dynamicproxy;

public class MemberSerivceImpl implements IMemberService {
    public String create(Member member) {
        System.out.println("create member:" + member);
        return "SUCCESS";
    }
}

MemberServiceImplProxy.java动态代理类

package com.dx.dynamicproxy;

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationHandler;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;

public class MemberServiceImplProxy implements InvocationHandler {
    private Object obj;

    public MemberServiceImplProxy(Object obj) {
        this.obj = obj;
    }

    public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
        before(method);

        Object resultValue = method.invoke(obj, args);// 真实的调用方法操作

        after(method);

        return resultValue;
    }

    private void before(Method method) {
        System.out.println("before " + method);
    }

    private void after(Method method) {
        System.out.println("after " + method);
    }
}

ProxyFactory.java 动态代理工厂(更通用)

package com.dx.dynamicproxy;

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationHandler;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.Proxy;

/**
 * 创建动态代理对象 动态代理不需要实现接口,但是需要指定接口类型
 */
public class ProxyFactory {
    // 维护一个目标对象
    private Object target;

    public ProxyFactory(Object target) {
        this.target = target;
    }

    /**
     * 给目标对象生成代理对象
     */
    public Object getProxyInstance() {
        ClassLoader classLoader = target.getClass().getClassLoader();
        Class<?>[] interfaces = target.getClass().getInterfaces();

        InvocationHandler invocationHandler = new InvocationHandler() {
            public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
                before(method);
                // 执行目标对象方法
                Object returnValue = method.invoke(target, args);
                after(method);

                return returnValue;
            }
        };

        return Proxy.newProxyInstance(classLoader, interfaces, invocationHandler);
    }

    private void before(Method method) {
        System.out.println("before " + method);
    }

    private void after(Method method) {
        System.out.println("after " + method);
    }
}

Client.java 调用示例:

package com.dx.dynamicproxy;

public class Client {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        IMemberService baseMemberService = new MemberSerivceImpl();
        
//        InvocationHandler handler = new MemberServiceImplProxy(baseMemberService);
//        Class<?> classType = handler.getClass();
//        IMemberService memberService = (IMemberService) Proxy.newProxyInstance(classType.getClassLoader(),
//                baseMemberService.getClass().getInterfaces(), handler);
        // 或者
        IMemberService memberService = (IMemberService) new ProxyFactory(baseMemberService).getProxyInstance();

        Member member = new Member(1, "test");
        // 执行invoke方法
        String result = memberService.create(member);

        System.out.println(result);
    }
}

 

Java中动态代理方式:

标签:tint   lap   cto   getname   AI   clas   tcl   show   this   

原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/yy3b2007com/p/9065303.html

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