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任务队列和异步接口的正确打开方式(.NET Core版本)

时间:2019-01-13 13:27:18      阅读:30      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

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任务队列和异步接口的正确打开方式

什么是异步接口?

Asynchronous Operations

Certain types of operations might require processing of the request in an asynchronous manner (e.g. validating a bank account, processing an image, etc.) in order to avoid long delays on the client side and prevent long-standing open client connections waiting for the operations to complete. For such use cases, APIs MUST employ the following pattern:

For POST requests:

  • Return the 202 Accepted HTTP response code.
  • In the response body, include one or more URIs as hypermedia links, which could include:
    • The final URI of the resource where it will be available in future if the ID and path are already known. Clients can then make an HTTP GET request to that URI in order to obtain the completed resource. Until the resource is ready, the final URI SHOULD return the HTTP status code 404 Not Found.

    { "rel": "self", "href": "/v1/namespace/resources/{resource_id}", "method": "GET" }

    • A temporary request queue URI where the status of the operation may be obtained via some temporary identifier. Clients SHOULD make an HTTP GET request to obtain the status of the operation which MAY include such information as completion state, ETA, and final URI once it is completed.

    { "rel": "self", "href": "/v1/queue/requests/{request_id}, "method": "GET" }"

For PUT/PATCH/DELETE/GET requests:

Like POST, you can support PUT/PATCH/DELETE/GET to be asynchronous. The behaviour would be as follows:

  • Return the 202 Accepted HTTP response code.
  • In the response body, include one or more URIs as hypermedia links, which could include:
    • A temporary request queue URI where the status of the operation may be obtained via some temporary identifier. Clients SHOULD make an HTTP GET request to obtain the status of the operation which MAY include such information as completion state, ETA, and final URI once it is completed.
    { "rel": "self", "href": "/v1/queue/requests/{request_id}, "method": "GET" }"

APIs that support both synchronous and asynchronous processing for an URI:

APIs that support both synchronous and asynchronous operations for a particular URI and an HTTP method combination, MUST recognize the Prefer header and exhibit following behavior:

  • If the request contains a Prefer=respond-async header, the service MUST switch the processing to asynchronous mode.
  • If the request doesn‘t contain a Prefer=respond-async header, the service MUST process the request synchronously.

It is desirable that all APIs that implement asynchronous processing, also support webhooks as a mechanism of pushing the processing status to the client.

资料引自:paypal/API Design Patterns And Use Cases:asynchronous-operations

用人话来说

  • 简单来说就是请求过来,直接返回对应的resourceId/request_id,然后可以通过resourceId/request_id查询处理结果

  • 处理过程可能是队列,也可能直接是异步操作

  • 如果还没完成处理,返回404,如果处理完成,正常返回对应数据

好像也没什么讲了....

全文结束吧.

样例代码部分啦

实现逻辑

  • 创建任务,生成"request-id"存储到对应redis zset队列中

  • 同时往redis channel发出任务消息, 后台任务处理服务自行处理此消息(生产者-消费者模式)

  • 任务处理服务处理完消息之后,将处理结果写入redis,request-id为key,结果为value,然后从从redis zset从移除对应的"request-id"

  • 获取request-id处理结果时:如果request-id能查询到对应的任务处理结果,直接返回处理完的数据; 如果request-id还在sortset队列则直接返回404 + 对应的位置n,表示还在处理中,前面还有n个请求;

时序图大概长这样:

技术分享图片

喜闻乐见代码时间

RequestService.cs

// RequestService.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using CorrelationId;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using Newtonsoft.Json.Linq;
using StackExchange.Redis;
using static StackExchange.Redis.RedisChannel;

namespace MTQueue.Service
{
    public class RequestService
    {


        private readonly ICorrelationContextAccessor _correlationContext;

        private readonly ConnectionMultiplexer _redisMultiplexer;

        private readonly IServiceProvider _services;

        private readonly ILogger<RequestService> _logger;

        public RequestService(ICorrelationContextAccessor correlationContext,
        ConnectionMultiplexer redisMultiplexer, IServiceProvider services,
        ILogger<RequestService> logger)
        {
            _correlationContext = correlationContext;
            _redisMultiplexer = redisMultiplexer;
            _services = services;
            _logger = logger;
        }

        public long? AddRequest(JToken data)
        {
            var requestId = _correlationContext.CorrelationContext.CorrelationId;
            var redisDB = _redisMultiplexer.GetDatabase(CommonConst.DEFAULT_DB);
            var index = redisDB.SortedSetRank(CommonConst.REQUESTS_SORT_SETKEY, requestId);
            if (index == null)
            {
                data["requestId"] = requestId;
                redisDB.SortedSetAdd(CommonConst.REQUESTS_SORT_SETKEY, requestId, GetTotalSeconds());
                PushRedisMessage(data.ToString());
            }
            return redisDB.SortedSetRank(CommonConst.REQUESTS_SORT_SETKEY, requestId);
        }

        public static long GetTotalSeconds()
        {
            return (long)(DateTime.Now.ToLocalTime() - new DateTime(1970, 1, 1).ToLocalTime()).TotalSeconds;
        }

        private void PushRedisMessage(string message)
        {
            Task.Run(() =>
            {
                try
                {
                    using (var scope = _services.CreateScope())
                    {
                        var multiplexer = scope.ServiceProvider.GetRequiredService<ConnectionMultiplexer>();
                        multiplexer.GetSubscriber().PublishAsync(CommonConst.REQUEST_CHANNEL, message);
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    _logger.LogError(-1, ex, message);
                }
            });
        }

        public Tuple<JToken, long?> GetRequest(string requestId)
        {
            var redisDB = _redisMultiplexer.GetDatabase(CommonConst.DEFAULT_DB);
            var keyIndex = redisDB.SortedSetRank(CommonConst.REQUESTS_SORT_SETKEY, requestId);
            var response = redisDB.StringGet(requestId);
            if (response.IsNull)
            {
                return Tuple.Create<JToken, long?>(default(JToken), keyIndex);
            }
            return Tuple.Create<JToken, long?>(JToken.Parse(response), keyIndex);
        }

    }
}

// RedisMQListener.cs

using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Options;
using MTQueue.Model;
using MTQueue.Service;
using Newtonsoft.Json.Linq;
using StackExchange.Redis;
using static StackExchange.Redis.RedisChannel;

namespace MTQueue.Listener
{
    public class RedisMQListener : IHostedService
    {
        private readonly ConnectionMultiplexer _redisMultiplexer;

        private readonly IServiceProvider _services;

        private readonly ILogger<RedisMQListener> _logger;

        public RedisMQListener(IServiceProvider services, ConnectionMultiplexer redisMultiplexer,
        ILogger<RedisMQListener> logger)
        {
            _services = services;
            _redisMultiplexer = redisMultiplexer;
            _logger = logger;
        }

        public Task StartAsync(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
        {
            Register();
            return Task.CompletedTask;
        }


        public virtual bool Process(RedisChannel ch, RedisValue message)
        {
            _logger.LogInformation("Process start,message: " + message);
            var redisDB = _services.GetRequiredService<ConnectionMultiplexer>()
            .GetDatabase(CommonConst.DEFAULT_DB);
            var messageJson = JToken.Parse(message);
            var requestId = messageJson["requestId"]?.ToString();
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(requestId))
            {
                _logger.LogWarning("requestId not in message.");
                return false;
            }
            var mtAgent = _services.GetRequiredService<ZhihuClient>();
            var text = mtAgent.GetZhuanlan(messageJson);
            redisDB.StringSet(requestId, text.ToString(), CommonConst.RESPONSE_TS);
            _logger.LogInformation("Process finish,requestId:" + requestId);
            redisDB.SortedSetRemove(CommonConst.REQUESTS_SORT_SETKEY, requestId);
            return true;
        }


        public void Register()
        {
            var sub = _redisMultiplexer.GetSubscriber();
            var channel = CommonConst.REQUEST_CHANNEL;
            sub.SubscribeAsync(channel, (ch, value) =>
            {
                Process(ch, value);
            });
        }

        public void DeRegister()
        {
            // this.connection.Close();
        }


        public Task StopAsync(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
        {
            // this.connection.Close();
            return Task.CompletedTask;
        }
    }

}

// RequestsController.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using CorrelationId;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using MTQueue.Service;
using Newtonsoft.Json.Linq;

namespace MTQueue.Controllers
{
    [Route("v1/[controller]")]
    [ApiController]
    public class RequestsController : ControllerBase
    {

        private readonly ICorrelationContextAccessor _correlationContext;

        private readonly RequestService _requestService;

        private readonly ZhihuClient _mtAgentClient;

        public RequestsController(ICorrelationContextAccessor correlationContext,
         RequestService requestService, ZhihuClient mtAgentClient)
        {
            _correlationContext = correlationContext;
            _requestService = requestService;
            _mtAgentClient = mtAgentClient;
        }



        [HttpGet("{requestId}")]
        public IActionResult Get(string requestId)
        {
            var result = _requestService.GetRequest(requestId);
            var resource = $"/v1/requests/{requestId}";
            if (result.Item1 == default(JToken))
            {
                return NotFound(new { rel = "self", href = resource, method = "GET", index = result.Item2 });
            }
            return Ok(result.Item1);
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public IActionResult Post([FromBody] JToken data, [FromHeader(Name = "Prefer")]string prefer)
        {
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(prefer) && prefer == "respond-async")
            {
                var index = _requestService.AddRequest(data);
                var requestId = _correlationContext.CorrelationContext.CorrelationId;
                var resource = $"/v1/requests/{requestId}";
                return Accepted(resource, new { rel = "self", href = resource, method = "GET", index = index });
            }
            return Ok(_mtAgentClient.GetZhuanlan(data));
        }
    }
}

完整代码见:https://github.com/liguobao/TaskQueueSample

任务队列和异步接口的正确打开方式(.NET Core版本)

标签:option   parse   delay   reading   owin   efault   item   comm   cep   

原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/liguobao/p/10262356.html

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