首页 > 编程语言 > 详细

LeetCode in Python 489. Robot Room Cleaner

时间:2019-07-13 01:03:54      阅读:54      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:show   edge   clean   without   ive   params   direct   pty   -c   

Given a robot cleaner in a room modeled as a grid.

Each cell in the grid can be empty or blocked.

The robot cleaner with 4 given APIs can move forward, turn left or turn right. Each turn it made is 90 degrees.

When it tries to move into a blocked cell, its bumper sensor detects the obstacle and it stays on the current cell.

Design an algorithm to clean the entire room using only the 4 given APIs shown below.

interface Robot {
  // returns true if next cell is open and robot moves into the cell.
  // returns false if next cell is obstacle and robot stays on the current cell.
  boolean move();

  // Robot will stay on the same cell after calling turnLeft/turnRight.
  // Each turn will be 90 degrees.
  void turnLeft();
  void turnRight();

  // Clean the current cell.
  void clean();
}

Example:

Input:
room = [
  [1,1,1,1,1,0,1,1],
  [1,1,1,1,1,0,1,1],
  [1,0,1,1,1,1,1,1],
  [0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0],
  [1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1]
],
row = 1,
col = 3

Explanation:
All grids in the room are marked by either 0 or 1.
0 means the cell is blocked, while 1 means the cell is accessible.
The robot initially starts at the position of row=1, col=3.
From the top left corner, its position is one row below and three columns right.

Notes:

  1. The input is only given to initialize the room and the robot‘s position internally. You must solve this problem "blindfolded". In other words, you must control the robot using only the mentioned 4 APIs, without knowing the room layout and the initial robot‘s position.
  2. The robot‘s initial position will always be in an accessible cell.
  3. The initial direction of the robot will be facing up.
  4. All accessible cells are connected, which means the all cells marked as 1 will be accessible by the robot.
  5. Assume all four edges of the grid are all surrounded by wall.

Solution:

class Solution(object):
    def cleanRoom(self, robot):
        """
        :type robot: Robot
        :rtype: None
        """
        directions = [(0, 1), (1, 0), (0, -1), (-1, 0)]

        def backtrack():
            robot.turnLeft()
            robot.turnLeft()
            robot.move()
            robot.turnRight()
            robot.turnRight()

        def dfs(location, d, visited):
            # 访问过 dfs结束
            if location in visited:
                return
                
            visited.add(location)
            robot.clean()

            # 四个方向dfs遍历
            for i in range(4):
                if robot.move():
                    dfs((location[0]+directions[d][0], location[1]+directions[d][1]), d, visited)
                    # 相比常规DFS 多出了这一步手动回溯
                    backtrack()
                d = (i+1) % 4
                robot.turnRight()
                
        dfs((0, 0), 0, set())

不是会员没有验证程序的正确性,算法上应该没错。本题和常规的DFS不同之处在于需要手动回溯(backtrack函数),Robot在变换方向和移动时需要调API,但是去掉了这个外壳,核心还是DFS遍历图。如果该坐标已在visited中表示递归结束。

LeetCode in Python 489. Robot Room Cleaner

标签:show   edge   clean   without   ive   params   direct   pty   -c   

原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/lowkeysingsing/p/11178765.html

(0)
(0)
   
举报
评论 一句话评论(0
登录后才能评论!
© 2014 bubuko.com 版权所有 鲁ICP备09046678号-4
打开技术之扣,分享程序人生!
             

鲁公网安备 37021202000002号