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SpringBoot整合邮件发送(thymeleaf和freemarker)

时间:2020-01-21 21:41:45      阅读:34      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:family   username   image   clas   其他   元素   

一、创建并导入依赖

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<dependency>

<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>

<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-mail</artifactId>

</dependency>

<dependency>

<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>

<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>

</dependency>

<dependency>

<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>

<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>

</dependency>

<dependency>

<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>

<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-freemarker</artifactId>

</dependency>

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二、相关配置和代码

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2.1)application.properites

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spring.mail.host=smtp.163.com

#spring.mail.port=587这是qq的端口,网易不需要

spring.mail.username=[email protected]

spring.mail.password=xxxxxxxxxxx

spring.mail.default-encoding=utf-8

spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.socketFactory.class=javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory

#将发送邮件得过程打印在控制台

spring.mail.properties.mail.debug=true

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2.2)Test测试

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2.2.1)发送一个普通邮件

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技术分享图片

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JavaMailSender是SpringBoot自动化的一个发送邮件类

TemplateEngine是Thymeleaf的模板操作类

@Test

void contextLoads(){

//顾名思义,一个简单的消息注定不能发送附近和html

SimpleMailMessage mailMessage=new SimpleMailMessage();

//邮件标题

mailMessage.setSubject("这是一封测试邮件");

//内容

mailMessage.setText("这是一封测试内容");

//来自谁

mailMessage.setFrom("hufei[email protected]163.com");

mailMessage.setSentDate(newDate());

//也可以是数组,群发

//发给谁

mailMessage.setTo("hufei1639670695@gmail.com");

//抄送,一同收到邮件得用户可以看到,收到该邮件的其他人

//mailMessage.setCc();

//匿抄,别人不会看见同时收到信息得人

//mailMessage.setBcc();

javaMailSender.send(mailMessage);

}

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2.2.2)发送一个带有附近的邮件

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@Test

void test1() throws MessagingException{

//多用途邮件扩展

MimeMessage mimeMessage=javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

//true表示是否创建支持替代文本、行内元素和附件的多部分消息

MimeMessageHelpermimeMessageHelper=newMimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage,true);

mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("这是一封测试邮件(带附件)");

mimeMessageHelper.setText("这是一封测试内容");

mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("hufei[email protected]163.com");

mimeMessageHelper.setSentDate(newDate());

mimeMessageHelper.setTo("hufei1639670695@gmail.com");

//顾名思义,添加附件

mimeMessageHelper.addAttachment("fern.jpg",newFile("D:\\User\\fern.jpg"));

javaMailSender.send(mimeMessage);

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}

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2.2.3)发送一个html内容的邮件

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@Test

void test2()throws MessagingException{

MimeMessagemimeMessage=javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

MimeMessageHelpermimeMessageHelper=newMimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage,true);

mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("这是一封测试邮件(html");

//true表示开启html

mimeMessageHelper.setText("这是一封测试邮件内容<imagesrc=‘cid:01‘></image>",true);

//mimeMessageHelper.setText("这是一封测试邮件内容","<imagesrc=‘cid:01‘></image>");

mimeMessageHelper.addInline("01",newFile("D:\\User\\fern.jpg"));

mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("[email protected]");

mimeMessageHelper.setSentDate(newDate());

mimeMessageHelper.setTo("[email protected]");

javaMailSender.send(mimeMessage);

}

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2.2.4)使用thymeleaf邮件模板发送一个邮件

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<!DOCTYPEhtml>

<htmllang="en"xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org/">

<head>

<metacharset="UTF-8">

<title>Title</title>

</head>

<body>

<div>

hello<spanth:text="${username}"></span>,加入荣华富贵大家庭!!!

</div>

您的入职信息如下

<table>

<tr>

<td>职位</td>

<td th:text="${position}"></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>职位</td>

<td th:text="${joblevel}"></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>薪水</td>

<td th:text="${salary}"></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>部门</td>

<td th:text="${dep}"></td>

</tr>

</table>

<divstyle="color:#ffd453">

希望在未来的日子里,携手共进!

</div>

</body>

</html>

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@Test

void test3() throws MessagingException{

MimeMessagemimeMessage=javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

MimeMessageHelpermimeMessageHelper=newMimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage,true);

mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("欢迎加入荣华富贵大家庭(thymeleaf)");

//操作html的类

Contextcontext=newContext();

context.setVariable("username","陈翔");

context.setVariable("position","java工程师");

context.setVariable("joblevel","高级工程师");

context.setVariable("salary","10000");

context.setVariable("dep","研发部");

//html转成字符串发到邮箱

Stringprocess=templateEngine.process("mail.html",context);

//true开启html

mimeMessageHelper.setText(process,true);

mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("[email protected]");

mimeMessageHelper.setSentDate(newDate());

mimeMessageHelper.setTo("[email protected]");

javaMailSender.send(mimeMessage);

}

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2.2.5)使用freemarker邮件模板发送一个邮件

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<!DOCTYPEhtml>

<htmllang="en">

<head>

<metacharset="UTF-8">

<title>Title</title>

</head>

<body>

<div>

hello<span>${username}</span>,加入荣华富贵大家庭!!!

</div>

您的入职信息如下

<table>

<tr>

<td>职位</td>

<td>${position}</td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>职位</td>

<td>${joblevel}</td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>薪水</td>

<td>${salary}</td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>部门</td>

<td>${dep}</td>

</tr>

</table>

<divstyle="color:#ffd453">

希望在未来的日子里,携手共进!

</div>

</body>

</html>

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freemarker没有thymeleaf方便需要自己手写,不像thymeleaf提供了模板

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@Test

void test4() throws MessagingException,IOException,TemplateException{

MimeMessagemimeMessage=javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

MimeMessageHelpermimeMessageHelper=newMimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage,true);

mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("欢迎加入荣华富贵大家庭(freemarker)");

//配置版本

Configurationconfiguration=newConfiguration(Configuration.VERSION_2_3_29);

//freemarker所在的位置

configuration.setClassLoaderForTemplateLoading(this.getClass().getClassLoader(),"templates");

//freemarker文件名

Templatetemplate=configuration.getTemplate("mail.ftlh");

Map<String,String>map=newHashMap<>();

map.put("username","陈翔");

map.put("position","java工程师");

map.put("joblevel","高级工程师");

map.put("salary","10000");

map.put("dep","研发部");

StringWriterwriter=newStringWriter();

template.process(map,writer);

mimeMessageHelper.setText(writer.toString(),true);

mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("[email protected]");

mimeMessageHelper.setSentDate(newDate());

mimeMessageHelper.setTo("[email protected]");

javaMailSender.send(mimeMessage);

}

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上的配置版本可以这么查看

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技术分享图片

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SpringBoot整合邮件发送(thymeleaf和freemarker)

标签:family   username   image   clas   其他   元素   

原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/fernfei/p/12225760.html

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