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sql server 中xml 数据类型的insert、update、delete

时间:2015-01-23 12:50:04      阅读:86      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

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近日对SQL操作XML作了如下整理:

1、插入 XML

DECLARE @myDoc XML
SET @myDoc = ‘<Root>
<ProductDescription ProductID="1" ProductName="Road Bike">
<Features> </Features>
</ProductDescription>
</Root>‘
/*将元素节点插入到文档中*/
--在Features里插入一个节点
SET @myDoc.modify(
‘insert <Populate>Put your things into basket of bike</Populate>
into (/Root/ProductDescription/Features)[1]‘);
SELECT @myDoc;
--当前插入的节点为Features中第一个节点
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
insert <ride>people could ride bike</ride>
as first into (/Root/ProductDescription/Features)[1]‘);
SELECT @myDoc;
--当前插入的节点为Features中最后一个节点
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
insert <function> people use it as transport</function>
as last into (/Root/ProductDescription/Features)[1]‘);
SELECT @myDoc;
--当前插入的节点放在<ride>标签的后面
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
insert <sport>ride bike is a sport</sport>
after(/Root/ProductDescription/Features/ride)[1]‘);
SELECT @myDoc;
--------------------------------------
/*将多个元素插入到文档中*/
DECLARE @myDoc2 XML
SET @myDoc = ‘<Root>
<ProductDescription ProductID="1" ProductName="Road Bike">
<Features> </Features>
</ProductDescription>
</Root>‘
DECLARE @NewFeatures XML
SET @NewFeatures = N‘<ride>people could ride bike</ride>
<sport>ride bike is a sport</sport>‘

SET @myDoc.modify(‘
insert sql:variable("@NewFeatures")
into (/Root/ProductDescription/Features)[1]‘)
SELECT @myDoc;
------------------------------------
--插入属性到文档中
DECLARE @myDoc xml;
SET @myDoc =
‘<Root>
<Location LocationID="10" >
<step>Manufacturing step 1 at this work center</step>
<step>Manufacturing step 2 at this work center</step>
</Location>
</Root>‘;
--在Location节点中插入一个number属性,其值为5
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
insert attribute number {"5"}
into (/Root/Location[@LocationID=10])[1]‘)
SELECT @myDoc;
--在Location节点中插入一个变量
DECLARE @hour INT
SET @hour = 2;
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
insert attribute hour {sql:variable("@hour")}
into (/Root/Location[@LocationID=10])[1]‘)
SELECT @myDoc;
--------------------------------------------
--向表中类型为XML字段,增加新的节点
IF OBJECT_ID(‘T‘) IS NOT NULL DROP TABLE T
CREATE TABLE T (i int, x xml);
go
INSERT INTO T VALUES(1,‘<Root>
<ProductDescription ProductID="1" ProductName="Road Bike">
<Features>
<Warranty>1 year parts and labor</Warranty>
<Maintenance>3 year parts and labor extended maintenance is available</Maintenance>
</Features>
</ProductDescription>
</Root>‘);
go
UPDATE T
SET x.modify(‘
insert <ride>people could ride bike</ride>
after (/Root/ProductDescription/Features/Maintenance)[1]‘)
SELECT x.query(‘/Root/ProductDescription/Features‘) FROM T
-----------------------------------
--根据if 条件进行插入
DECLARE @myDoc xml;
SET @myDoc =
‘<Root>
<Location LocationID="10" LaborHours="1.2" >
<step>Manufacturing step 1 at this work center</step>
<step>Manufacturing step 2 at this work center</step>
</Location>
</Root>‘;
--满足当前条件添加一个新的hour属性
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
insert
if (/Root/Location[@LocationID=10])
then attribute hour {"5"}
else ()
into (/Root/Location[@LocationID=10])[1]‘)
SELECT @myDoc;
--满足当前条件添加一个新的节点
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
insert
if (count(/Root/Location/step) <= 2)
then element step {"this is new step"}
else ()
as first into (/Root/Location)[1]‘)
SELECT @myDoc;

2、更新XML

DECLARE @myDoc xml
SET @myDoc = ‘<Root>
<Location LocationID="10"
LaborHours="1.1"
MachineHours=".2" >Manufacturing steps are described here.
<step>Manufacturing step 1 at this work center</step>
<step>Manufacturing step 2 at this work center</step>
</Location>
</Root>‘
SELECT @myDoc;
--替换节点Location中LaborHours属性的值为100
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
replace value of (/Root/Location/@LaborHours)[1]
with "100"‘)
SELECT @myDoc;
--使用表更新另一个表中类型为XML的字段的属性
DECLARE @Friend TABLE
(
ID INT IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
Friend XML
)
INSERT INTO @Friend SELECT ‘<Friends>
<friend name="junwenli" sex="man" age="23"></friend>
<friend name="jinhanliu" sex="man" age="24"></friend>
<friend name="fangcheng" sex="man" age="23"></friend>
</Friends>‘

DECLARE @Temp TABLE
(
ID INT IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
FriendName NVARCHAR(32)
)
INSERT INTO @Temp SELECT ‘GuoHu‘;

UPDATE F
SET Friend.modify(‘replace value of (Friends/friend/@name)[1] with sql:column("T.FriendName")‘)
FROM @Friend F,@Temp T
WHERE F.ID = T.ID;

SELECT Friend FROM @Friend;

3、删除XML

DECLARE @myDoc xml
SET @myDoc = ‘<?Instructions for=TheWC.exe ?>
<Root>
<!-- instructions for the 1st work center -->
<Location LocationID="10"
LaborHours="1.1"
MachineHours=".2" >Some text 1
<step>Manufacturing step 1 at this work center</step>
<step>Manufacturing step 2 at this work center</step>
</Location>
</Root>‘
--删除属性MachineHours
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
delete /Root/Location/@MachineHours
‘)
SELECT @myDoc
--删除第二个step节点
SET @myDoc.modify(‘
delete /Root/Location/step[2]
‘)
SELECT @myDoc

sql server 中xml 数据类型的insert、update、delete

标签:des   使用   数据   it   Go   ha   la   for   sp   

原文:http://www.cnblogs.com/windofwolf/p/4243771.html

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