Bootstrap 字体图标

阅读:39      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

Bootstrap字体图标(Glyphicons)

本章将讲解字体图标(Glyphicons),并通过一些实例了解它的使用。Bootstrap 捆绑了 200 多种字体格式的字形。首先让我们先来理解一下什么是字体图标。


什么是字体图标?

字体图标是在 Web 项目中使用的图标字体。虽然,Glyphicons Halflings 需要商业许可,但是您可以通过基于项目的 Bootstrap 来免费使用这些图标。

为了表示对图标作者的感谢,希望您在使用时加上 GLYPHICONS 网站的链接。


获取字体图标

我们已经在 环境安装 章节下载了 Bootstrap 3.x 版本,并理解了它的目录结构。在 fonts 文件夹内可以找到字体图标,它包含了下列这些文件:

  • glyphicons-halflings-regular.eot
  • glyphicons-halflings-regular.svg
  • glyphicons-halflings-regular.ttf
  • glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff

相关的 CSS 规则写在 dist 文件夹内的 css 文件夹内的 bootstrap.cssbootstrap-min.css 文件上。


CSS 规则解释

下面的 CSS 规则构成 glyphicon class。

@font-face {
  font-family: ‘Glyphicons Halflings‘;
  src: url(‘../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.eot‘);
  src: url(‘../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.eot?#iefix‘) format(‘embedded-opentype‘), url(‘../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff‘) format(‘woff‘), url(‘../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.ttf‘) format(‘truetype‘), url(‘../fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.svg#glyphicons_halflingsregular‘) format(‘svg‘);
}

.glyphicon {
  position: relative;
  top: 1px;
  display: inline-block;
  font-family: ‘Glyphicons Halflings‘;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  font-style: normal;
  font-weight: normal;
  line-height: 1;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
}

所以 font-face 规则实际上是在找到 glyphicons 地方声明 font-family 和位置。

.glyphicon class 声明一个从顶部偏移 1px 的相对位置,呈现为 inline-block,声明字体,规定 font-style 和 font-weight 为 normal,设置行高为 1。除此之外,使用 -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased-moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; 获得跨浏览器的一致性。

然后,这里的

.glyphicon:empty {
  width: 1em;
}

是空的 glyphicon。

这里有 200 个 class,每个 class 针对一个图标。这些 class 的常见格式如下:

.glyphicon-keyword:before {
  content: "hexvalue";
}

比如,使用的 user 图标,它的 class 如下:

.glyphicon-user:before {
  content: "\e008";
}

用法

如需使用图标,只需要简单地使用下面的代码即可。请在图标和文本之间保留适当的空间。

<span class="glyphicon glyphicon-search"></span>

下面的实例演示了如何使用字体图标:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Bootstrap 实例 - 如何使用字体图标</title>
   <link href="/bootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
   <script src="/scripts/jquery.min.js"></script>
   <script src="/bootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>

<p>
   <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">
      <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-attributes"></span>
   </button>
   <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">
      <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-attributes-alt"></span>
   </button>
   <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">
      <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-order"></span>
   </button>
   <button type="button" class="btn btn-default">
      <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-order-alt"></span>
   </button>
</p>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-lg">
  <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> User
</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-sm">
  <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> User
</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-default btn-xs">
  <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> User
</button>


</body>
</html>


结果如下所示:

如何使用字体图标

带有导航栏的字体图标

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>导航栏的字体图标</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- Bootstrap -->
    <link href="http://apps.bdimg.com/libs/bootstrap/3.2.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <style>
    body {
    padding-top: 50px;
    padding-left: 50px;
    }
    </style>
    <!--[if lt IE 9]>
      <script src="http://apps.bdimg.com/libs/html5shiv/3.7/html5shiv.min.js"></script>
    <![endif]-->
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="navbar navbar-fixed-top navbar-inverse" role="navigation">
      <div class="container">
        <div class="navbar-header">
          <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle" data-toggle="collapse" data-target=".navbar-collapse">
            <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
            <span class="icon-bar"></span>
          </button>
          <a class="navbar-brand" href="#">Project name</a>
        </div>
        <div class="collapse navbar-collapse">
          <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
            <li class="active"><a href="#"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-home">Home</span></a></li>
            <li><a href="#shop"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-shopping-cart">Shop</span></a></li>
            <li><a href="#support"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-headphones">Support</span></a></li>
          </ul>
        </div><!-- /.nav-collapse -->
      </div><!-- /.container -->
    </div>
    <!-- jQuery (Bootstrap 插件需要引入) -->
    <script src="http://apps.bdimg.com/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <!-- 包含了所有编译插件 -->
    <script src="http://apps.bdimg.com/libs/bootstrap/3.2.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>		



定制字体图标

我们已经看到如何使用字体图标,接下来我们看看如何定制字体图标。

我们将以上面的实例开始,并通过改变字体尺寸、颜色和应用文本阴影来进行定制图标。

下面是开始的代码:

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary btn-lg">
  <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> User
</button>


定制字体尺寸

通过增加或减少图标的字体尺寸,您可以让图标看起来更大或更小。

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary btn-lg" style="font-size: 60px">
  <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> User
</button>

定制字体颜色

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary btn-lg" style="color: rgb(212, 106, 64);">
  <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> User
</button>

应用文本阴影

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary btn-lg" style="text-shadow: black 5px 3px 3px;">
  <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> User
</button>



图标列表

图标 类名
glyphicon glyphicon-asterisk
glyphicon glyphicon-plus
glyphicon glyphicon-minus
glyphicon glyphicon-euro
glyphicon glyphicon-cloud
glyphicon glyphicon-envelope
glyphicon glyphicon-pencil
glyphicon glyphicon-glass
glyphicon glyphicon-music
glyphicon glyphicon-search
glyphicon glyphicon-heart
glyphicon glyphicon-star
glyphicon glyphicon-star-empty
glyphicon glyphicon-user
glyphicon glyphicon-film
glyphicon glyphicon-th-large
glyphicon glyphicon-th
glyphicon glyphicon-th-list
glyphicon glyphicon-ok
glyphicon glyphicon-remove
glyphicon glyphicon-zoom-in
glyphicon glyphicon-zoom-out
glyphicon glyphicon-off
glyphicon glyphicon-signal
glyphicon glyphicon-cog
glyphicon glyphicon-trash
glyphicon glyphicon-home
glyphicon glyphicon-file
glyphicon glyphicon-time
glyphicon glyphicon-road
glyphicon glyphicon-download-alt
glyphicon glyphicon-download
glyphicon glyphicon-upload
glyphicon glyphicon-inbox
glyphicon glyphicon-play-circle
glyphicon glyphicon-repeat
glyphicon glyphicon-refresh
glyphicon glyphicon-list-alt
glyphicon glyphicon-lock
glyphicon glyphicon-flag
glyphicon glyphicon-headphones
glyphicon glyphicon-volume-off
glyphicon glyphicon-volume-down
glyphicon glyphicon-volume-up
glyphicon glyphicon-qrcode
glyphicon glyphicon-barcode
glyphicon glyphicon-tag
glyphicon glyphicon-tags
glyphicon glyphicon-book
glyphicon glyphicon-bookmark
glyphicon glyphicon-print
glyphicon glyphicon-camera
glyphicon glyphicon-font
glyphicon glyphicon-bold
glyphicon glyphicon-italic
glyphicon glyphicon-text-height
glyphicon glyphicon-text-width
glyphicon glyphicon-align-left
glyphicon glyphicon-align-center
glyphicon glyphicon-align-right
glyphicon glyphicon-align-justify
glyphicon glyphicon-list
glyphicon glyphicon-indent-left
glyphicon glyphicon-indent-right
glyphicon glyphicon-facetime-video
glyphicon glyphicon-picture
glyphicon glyphicon-map-marker
glyphicon glyphicon-adjust
glyphicon glyphicon-tint
glyphicon glyphicon-edit
glyphicon glyphicon-share
glyphicon glyphicon-check
glyphicon glyphicon-move
glyphicon glyphicon-step-backward
glyphicon glyphicon-fast-backward
glyphicon glyphicon-backward
glyphicon glyphicon-play
glyphicon glyphicon-pause
glyphicon glyphicon-stop
glyphicon glyphicon-forward
glyphicon glyphicon-fast-forward
glyphicon glyphicon-step-forward
glyphicon glyphicon-eject
glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-left
glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-right
glyphicon glyphicon-plus-sign
glyphicon glyphicon-minus-sign
glyphicon glyphicon-remove-sign
glyphicon glyphicon-ok-sign
glyphicon glyphicon-question-sign
glyphicon glyphicon-info-sign
glyphicon glyphicon-screenshot
glyphicon glyphicon-remove-circle
glyphicon glyphicon-ok-circle
glyphicon glyphicon-ban-circle
glyphicon glyphicon-arrow-left
glyphicon glyphicon-arrow-right
glyphicon glyphicon-arrow-up
glyphicon glyphicon-arrow-down
glyphicon glyphicon-share-alt
glyphicon glyphicon-resize-full
glyphicon glyphicon-resize-small
glyphicon glyphicon-exclamation-sign
glyphicon glyphicon-gift
glyphicon glyphicon-leaf
glyphicon glyphicon-fire
glyphicon glyphicon-eye-open
glyphicon glyphicon-eye-close
glyphicon glyphicon-warning-sign
glyphicon glyphicon-plane
glyphicon glyphicon-calendar
glyphicon glyphicon-random
glyphicon glyphicon-comment
glyphicon glyphicon-magnet
glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-up
glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-down
glyphicon glyphicon-retweet
glyphicon glyphicon-shopping-cart
glyphicon glyphicon-folder-close
glyphicon glyphicon-folder-open
glyphicon glyphicon-resize-vertical
glyphicon glyphicon-resize-horizontal
glyphicon glyphicon-hdd
glyphicon glyphicon-bullhorn
glyphicon glyphicon-bell
glyphicon glyphicon-certificate
glyphicon glyphicon-thumbs-up
glyphicon glyphicon-thumbs-down
glyphicon glyphicon-hand-right
glyphicon glyphicon-hand-left
glyphicon glyphicon-hand-up
glyphicon glyphicon-hand-down
glyphicon glyphicon-circle-arrow-right
glyphicon glyphicon-circle-arrow-left
glyphicon glyphicon-circle-arrow-up
glyphicon glyphicon-circle-arrow-down
glyphicon glyphicon-globe
glyphicon glyphicon-wrench
glyphicon glyphicon-tasks
glyphicon glyphicon-filter
glyphicon glyphicon-briefcase
glyphicon glyphicon-fullscreen
glyphicon glyphicon-dashboard
glyphicon glyphicon-paperclip
glyphicon glyphicon-heart-empty
glyphicon glyphicon-link
glyphicon glyphicon-phone
glyphicon glyphicon-pushpin
glyphicon glyphicon-usd
glyphicon glyphicon-gbp
glyphicon glyphicon-sort
glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-alphabet
glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-alphabet-alt
glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-order
glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-order-alt
glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-attributes
glyphicon glyphicon-sort-by-attributes-alt
glyphicon glyphicon-unchecked
glyphicon glyphicon-expand
glyphicon glyphicon-collapse-down
glyphicon glyphicon-collapse-up
glyphicon glyphicon-log-in
glyphicon glyphicon-flash
glyphicon glyphicon-log-out
glyphicon glyphicon-new-window
glyphicon glyphicon-record
glyphicon glyphicon-save
glyphicon glyphicon-open
glyphicon glyphicon-saved
glyphicon glyphicon-import
glyphicon glyphicon-export
glyphicon glyphicon-send
glyphicon glyphicon-floppy-disk
glyphicon glyphicon-floppy-saved
glyphicon glyphicon-floppy-remove
glyphicon glyphicon-floppy-save
glyphicon glyphicon-floppy-open
glyphicon glyphicon-credit-card
glyphicon glyphicon-transfer
glyphicon glyphicon-cutlery
glyphicon glyphicon-header
glyphicon glyphicon-compressed
glyphicon glyphicon-earphone
glyphicon glyphicon-phone-alt
glyphicon glyphicon-tower
glyphicon glyphicon-stats
glyphicon glyphicon-sd-video
glyphicon glyphicon-hd-video
glyphicon glyphicon-subtitles
glyphicon glyphicon-sound-stereo
glyphicon glyphicon-sound-dolby
glyphicon glyphicon-sound-5-1
glyphicon glyphicon-sound-6-1
glyphicon glyphicon-sound-7-1
glyphicon glyphicon-copyright-mark
glyphicon glyphicon-registration-mark
glyphicon glyphicon-cloud-download
glyphicon glyphicon-cloud-upload
glyphicon glyphicon-tree-conifer
glyphicon glyphicon-tree-deciduous
关于我们 - 联系我们 - 留言反馈 - 联系我们:wmxa8@hotmail.com
© 2014 bubuko.com 版权所有
打开技术之扣,分享程序人生!